12 Jyotirlinga Temples of India

The 12 Jyotirlinga are spread across India. These Jyotirlinga are believed to be incarnations of Lord Shiva who is the supreme god. The word ‘Jyothi’ means ‘light’ and ‘linga’ means ‘sign of Shiva’. Jyotirling represents the Infinite Pillar of Light. 

Many devotees visit the 12 Jyotirlinga to have blessings of Mahadev. It is believed that when one visits the Jyotirlinga temple, they get spiritually enlightened and gets liberated from the cycle of life and death

All the Jyotirlinga have significant importance and the architectural style of all the temples are mesmerizing. The Jyotirlinga are also known as ‘Dwadash Jyotirlinga’.

Somnath Jyotirlinga, Gujarat

Somnath Jyotirlinga is the prime one amongst the other 12 Jyotirlinga of  Lord Shiva.

According to the Skand Purana, the temple is 7,99,25,105 year old and is located in Prabhas Patan near Veraval in Saurashtra on the western coast of Gujarat.

According to the legends, Lord Shiva broke the curse that was given by the father-in-law of the moon to the moon. And from that day onwards the Mahadev is being worshipped as Somnath.  

The temple was destroyed many times due to foreign invasions however it was rebuilt back with more grace than before by the devotees.

Every night from 8 to 9, the sound and light show titled “Jay Somnath’ takes place in the premises. However, the show doesn’t happen in the rainy season.

Other major events that occur consist of Mahashivratri, Golokdham Utsav, Kartik Purnima Fair (5 Days) and Somnath Sthapana Divas.

Temple timing 6 AM to 9 PM

Morning Aarti Timing 7 AM

Afternoon Aarti Timing 12 PM

Evening Aarti Timing 7 PM

Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga, Andhra Pradesh

Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga is also called as “Kailash of the South” and Mahadev is depicted by the lingam and his wife Parvati is represented as Brahmaramba.

The significant aspect of this temple is that it is the only temple having both Jyotirlinga and Mahasakthi in one premise.

The architecture is of Dravidian style that has beautiful pillars known as gopurams and a magnificent hall known as mukha mandapa. The walls of the temples have inscriptions of the stories of Mahabharata and Ramayana. 

The architecture style was constantly modified by the king Harihara Raya of Vijayanagar, Reddy kings of Kondaveedu dynasty, and Chhatrapati Shivaji of the Hindavi Swarajya during their realm. 

It is the only Shiva temple where devotees are allowed to touch the holy shrine.

Shivaratri and Navratri are the major festivals of the temple.

Temple timing 4.30 AM to 10 PM

Morning Aarti Timing 5.30 AM

Evening Aarti Timing 5.00 PM

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Madhya Pradesh

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is a significant jyotirlinga in central India and is one among the seven of the places believed to liberate a human (Mukti-Sthal).

The temple is situated on the abet of the Rudra Sagar lake in Ujjain city of Madhya Pradesh state. 

Legends say that a five-year-old boy Srikar situated the shrine at Mahakaleshwar. 

In 1234-5, sultan Shams-ud-din iltutmish invaded Ujjain and destroyed the temple but it was rebuilt again by the devotees. In  1734 CE, Ranoji Scindia built who was a Maratha general built the magnificent structure that you can see today.

The important aspect of this temple is the ritual known as ‘Bhasm-Aarti’ that is performed in the morning. It is the ritual where ash from a fresh funeral pyre is applied to Shivlinga as a bathing process.

Temple timing 3:00 AM to 11:00 PM

Bhasma Aarti 4 AM

Morning Aarti Timing 7.00 AM to 7.30 AM.

Evening Aarti Timing 5.00 PM to 5.30 PM

Shree Mahakaal Aarti 7.00 PM to 7.30 PM

Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga, Madhya Pradesh

The Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga is situated on Mandhata island in Madhya Pradesh. The island is shaped as ‘Om’ which is considered as a sacred symbol in Hindu Mythology. 

Two rivers called Narmada and Kaveri meet each other near the premises of the temple.

Besides Omkareshwar, there is Amareshwar that is located on the south bank of the Narmada river. 

It is said that visiting Omkareshwar is similar to visiting Kedarnath and Panch Kedars.

According to the legends, Lord Shiva come her to sleep every night. And for this purpose A Shayan Arti is done here.

The architecture style is very attractive and you will find mural carvings and painting at the temple.

Temple timing 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM

Morning Aarti Timing 5.00 AM to 5.30 AM.

Evening Aarti Timing 8.20 PM to 9.05 PM

Kedarnath Jyotirlinga, Uttarakhand

The temple has beautiful snow-clad peaks, mesmerizing meadows and amazing forest in its vicinity. The temple opens only for six months in a year in the month of April or May. It is closed for the rest of the year because of extreme weather conditions.

The temple is situated at a height of 3,584 meters near Mandakini river in Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand and it is also a sacred pilgrimage site amongst the other char dham.

According to the legends, Pandavas built the temple which was later modified by Adi Shanakara in 8th AD. It is believed that whoever worships at this temple gets all his desire gratified.

The shrine was made using grey stone and the exterior of the temple is constructed using white marble. The marble indicates harmony and peace. 

According to the geologists, Around 1300-1900 AD, the temple was under snow. The snow cleared and the temple became visible after 400 years. The architecture of the temple is made in such a way that it has withstood natural calamities like avalanches, floods, and earthquakes.

In 2013, A devastating flood-hit Uttarakhand which destroyed surroundings of the Kedarnath temple, but the temple was saved because of a giant rock that guarded the temple behind its back.

Temple timing 4.00 AM to 9 PM

Morning Aarti Timing  4.00 AM to 7 AM

Evening Aarti Timing 6.00 PM to 7.30 PM

Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga, Maharashtra

Bhimashankar temple is surrounded by exuberant hills, magical waterfalls, and charming forests. 

Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga is located in the lush Sahyadri range, 50 km northwest of khed, Pune. 

According to some legends, Lord Shiva defeated demon Bhima here on this place so all the gods requested him to stay here. Hence the Lord Shiva took the form of Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga and resided here. 

The temple is constructed in the style of Nagara architecture that dates back to the 13th century. The temple structure was influenced by king Shivaji and later on general Chimaji Appa, and after that by minister Nana Phadnavis of the Maratha Empire.

Chimaji Appa after defeating Portuguese presented a huge portuguese architecture style bell to the temple that is put between the two pillars in the temple premises.

Nana Phadnavis built Gopura-shikhara that enhanced the beauty of the temple more than before.

There is also a Bhimashankar wildlife sanctuary having diverse flora and fauna.

Temple timing 5:00 AM to 9:30 PM

Morning Aarti Timing 5.05 AM

Afternoon Aarti Timing 3:15 PM to 3:30 PM

Evening Aarti Timing 7.30 PM to 8 PM

Kashi Vishwanath, Varanasi

Kashi Vishwanath Temple is built in a quadrangle shape by the Maratha Queen Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore in 1780. She was the one who took the initiative to build the temple again after it was destroyed by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

The temple is also titled as Golden temple of Varanasi as the three domes of the temple is made up of pure gold that was given by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1835.

The temple is located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh and the deity is named as Vishveshvara or Vishvanatha. 

One who visits the temple of Ruler of the Universe and takes a bath in the river Ganges will have no hurdles in the process of Moksha (liberation)

Temple timing 2:30 AM for 11 PM.

Mangala Aarti timing 3 AM to 4 PM

Bhog Aarti timing 11:15 AM to 12:20 PM

Sandhya Aarti timing 7 PM to 8:15 PM

Shringara Aarti timing 9 PM to 10:15 PM

Shayana Aarti timing 10:30 PM to 11:00 PM

Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga, Nasik

The major significant feature of the temple is its three lingas that represents three supreme gods known as Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh.

The sacred Trimbakeshwar temple is located at the foothills of the Brahmagiri mountain in Trimbak town of Nashik and one who visits the temple is blessed of getting purified by washing all of his past regrets and sins.

The lingas has a gold crown and according to the legends, the crown is from the Pandavas period. You can see the crown on major festivals and on every Monday from 4 to 5 PM.

The architecture style of the temple is of Nagara style where the temple is constructed with the black stones. On the arches and pillars, you will get to see fascinating drawings of the gods, flowers, humans, and animals.

In the temple, you will get to see a wonderful Kunda which is regarded as the source of the Godavari river.

Temple Timing 5:30 AM to 9 PM.

Mangal Aarti 5:30 AM to 6 AM.

Rudrabhishek, Mrityunjaya Mantra and Laghu Rudrabhishek Puja Timing 7 to 9 AM.

Madhyana Pooja or the Noon Pooja Timing 1 PM.

Sandhya Pooja or the Sayam Pooja Timing 7 PM – 9 PM.

Nageshwar Jyotirlinga, Gujarat

One of the significant aspects of the temple is the grand statue of seated Mahadev which is 25 m tall.

The temple is located on the path between the Baid Dwarka Island and the Gomati Dwarka on the coast of Saurashtra, Gujarat.

According to the Shiva Purana, Supriya who was a prisoner of demon Daaruka, suggested all other prisoners to chant “Aum Namah Shivaya” to get released from the demon’s tyranny. Thus Lord Shiva appeared and killed Daaruka. And so the Nageshwar Jyotirlinga came into existence.

Legends say that those who worship Nageshwar Jyotirlinga is protected from all types of poison.

The architectural style of the temple is mesmerizing as it is constructed on the basis of the anatomy of Sayanam of the Human Body. The main gate is considered as feet, the entrance veranda is considered as human hands, the Prayer hall is considered as abdomen and chest, Worship place of Nandi is considered as neck and sanctum having Shiva linga is considered as the Head.

The western architecture style of the temple has mesmerizing arches, lotus themed capitals, and rounded flute shaped columns.

You will also get intrigued by the splendid Arabian sea view and esthetic large garden.

Temple Timing 5 AM to 9 PM.

Shayan Aarti Timing 7:00 PM.

Baidyanath Jyotirlinga, Jharkhand

The one who worships Baidyanath Jyotirlinga is believed to get the blessings of Lord Shiva with regards to free from all difficulties.

The temple is located in Deoghar, Santhal Parganas, Jharkhand.

According to legends, Ravana cut off his 10 heads so as to prove his devotion to Lord Shiva. By being impressed with him, Lord Shiva rejoined back the heads of Ravana. And hence this Jyotirlinga is referred to as Baidyanath.

The temple has stunning stone walls and there are twenty-two other temples on the premises.

According to some other legends, Ravana wanted to take the linga to his home, Sri Lanka. But it was difficult to uproot it so in trying  the top of the Jyotirlinga was broken. 

Temple Timing 4 AM to 3.30 PM and 6 PM to 9 PM.

Shodashopachar Pooja Timing 4 AM and 3.30 PM

Shrinagar Pooja Timing 6 PM

Rameshwar Jyotirlinga, Tamil Nadu:

The temple is famous for its huge towers, splendid corridors, and 36 theerthams and is located on Rameswaram island in Tamil Nadu.

The temple is also called as ‘Varanasi of the south’ and is surrounded by sea.

According to legends, Ram’s wife Sita created a small lingam from the sea sand. The linga is kept in the sanctum. There is one more linga that hanuman brought from Kailash which is known as Vishwalingam. 

It is said that first you have to take blessings of the Vishwalingam before worshiping the small linga.

The Rameshwar Jyotirlinga is also one of the other char dhams of India.

Temple Timing 5 AM to 1 PM and 3 PM to 9 PM

Palliyarai Deepa Arathana 05:00 AM

Spadigalinga Deepa Arathana 05:10 AM

Thiruvananthal Deepa Arathana 05:45 AM

Vila Pooja 07:00 A.M

Kalasanthi Pooja 10:00 AM

Uchikala Pooja 12:00 PM

Sayaratcha Pooja 06:00 PM

Arthajama Pooja 08.30 PM

Palliyarai Pooja 08:45 PM

Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga, Aurangabad

Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga is the last one  amongst the twelve Jyotirlinga that is located in Ellora, Aurangabad.

The temple was destroyed in the 13th and 14th century by the foreign invaders. In the 16th century, the temple was rebuilt by the grandfather of King Shivaji known as Maloji Bhosale of Verul. But during the 27 years long war between the Mughals and the Marathas, the temple was destroyed by the Mughals. 

However, in the 18th century, The temple was rebuilt by the Hindu Queen Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore.

The temple was built in South Indian architectural style by using red stones. The carvings on the pillars consist of legends and mythologies of Shiva.

The Jyotirlinga is the smallest one and the temple consist of a five-tier shikhara.A man has to go bare-chested while entering the sanctum sanctorum core.

Temple Timing 5:30 AM to 9:30 PM.

Mangal Arati  4 AM

Jalhari Sanghan 8 AM

Maha Prashad 12 PM

Jalhari Saghan 4 PM

Evening Aarti  7:30 PM

Night Aarti 10 AM